CCM vs. TCM — Daoism vs. Confucianism

Underlying philosophy Naturalism, Daoism Scientific materialism, Confucianism
Cosmology Interplay between heaven/earth, male/female Earth/humans separate from heaven, each other
Form of logic Inductive synthesis (ideal for complex systems), fuzzy logic, pattern detection Analytic reductionism (ideal for simple systems), precise logic, rigid flow charts
Preferred form of description Direct perception, analogy, metaphor Objectively measured parameters
Sources of authority, truth Tradition, experience, intuition, conscience Established by appointed authorities; progress via controlled experimentation
Scope of inquiry Broad, interdisciplinary studies; open-ended inquiry; self-realization via meditation, art and music, dreams, visions Narrowly specialized profession; limitations defined by exams, licensing, regulations and standardized ethics
Professional ideal Philosopher/shaman/sage Technician/expert

Specifically relevant to healthcare:
Dominant view of the human body Functional systems, interactive fields of influence Collections of organs, tissues, cells, and chemicals
Definition of health Harmony in refining body essences and cultivating vital forces; subjective feeling of well-being Absence of pathology as verified by instrumentation and lab tests
Form of diagnosis Individualized;
by symptom-pattern analysis (bian-zheng)
by disease name, pathology (bian-bing)