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Tables of prefix codes used in this report
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Encoding of symptom-sign data explained

Each symptom-sign entry in the original case record is comprised of a single symptom or sign followed by an optional magnitude/severity indicator (if none present, default value = 'moderate' = 1.0) and by any number of optional modifier terms, as in the examples below.

In most cases, symptom variable names will be easily recognizable to anyone familiar with the standard TCM syndrome-pattern definitions; see examples in the table below. For a key to prefix codes used in variable names, see next section following the examples. (Plain-language equivalents may be easier to read initially, but the encoded variable names are much easier to scan, identify, and classify after the user becomes accustomed to this format.)

Encoded symptom or sign examples Interpretation
    [INTAKthir_1_thirstBurning] @[AAC_1_acute] Acute, burning thirst.
Assume magnitude = 'moderate', in the absence of explicit severity indicators.
    [SLEEP_1_insomnia=MAG_0_severe] @[AAC_1_chronic] Chronic, severe insomnia.
    [PAIN_1_heavyDragging] @[AAC_1_chronic] @[ALO_1_lowerAbdomen] Chronic, heavy-dragging pain in the lower abdomen.
    [INTAKappe_1_digestionSluggish] @[AAC_1_chronic]
    [INTAKappe_1_digestionSluggish=MAG_0_severe] @[ATD_1_18, ATD_1_20, ATD_1_22] @[AAC_1_chronic]
Chronic sluggish digestion, especially severe later in the evening.
    ATD_1_xxx variables — 'at-time-of-day' — are specified as two-hour time segments according to a 24-hour clock.
    (CaseQuery tip: This double-line entry is created using 'By-single-line' mode and the 'Duplicate SS LineItem' command.)
    [PULSbDEPT_1_floating=MAG_0_mild] @[BPUL_1_aL3] Slightly floating pulse at the L3 (left chi) pulse position.
BPUL_1_aXXX variables refer to one of the six positions at the L and R radial-artery pulses near the wrist.
    [TONGbCOACOLOR_1_gray_d2] @[BTOL_1_eL0, BTOL_1_eR0] Dark grayish tongue coating at sectors eL0 and eR0 on the tongue surface.
Reference links to tongue maps and color samples accompany each instance of tongue data in the report. BTOL_1_xxx variables — 'at-tongue-location' — refer to specific tongue sectors.

 
 
   

Symptom and modifier-term categories; prefix codes used in symptom-group variable names

The prefix code appearing in each symptom-group variable name signifies the symptom or sign category of which it is a member. The categories of symptoms and signs listed in the table below should always be considered when taking any case history. The table also includes categories of modifier terms like body location, time of day, and other specifications that modify the meaning of primary symptoms like pain quality, skin lesions, and tongue and pulse qualities.


PREFIX CODES for symptom-sign-group variables and modifier terms
  — BY CATEGORY GROUP

 
 
·SYMPTOMS:
 

·Systemic:

SYSTtherm_   aversion to heat/cold
SYSTtemp_   fever, body temperature
SYSTvital_   vitality levels
SYSTpersp_   perspiration
SYSTimmun_   general immunity
SYSTbehav_   predominant behaviors, state of consciousness
 

·Intake:

RESP_   respiration
INTAKthir_   thirst
INTAKappe_   appetite
 

·Outflow, normal excretion/discharges:

OUTFLurin_   urination
OUTFLbm_   bowels
OUTFLmense_   women: menses
 

·Outflow, abnormal discharges:

DISCHsinus_   sinus discharge
DISCHcough_   coughing, sputum
DISCHupperGI_   upper gastrointestinal
DISCHuro_   urogenital discharges
DISCHbleed_   bleeding/hemorrhaging
DISCHskin_   skin lesions, quality, discharges
 

·Neurological/CNS:

PAIN_   pain
SENS_   senses
MOTN_   body motion characteristics, neuromuscular
SPCH_   speech patterns
SLEEP_   sleep patterns
 

·Physical appearance:

PHYSbmi_   body mass index (BMI)
PHYScomplexion_   skin complexion
PHYSother_   swellings, lumps, tumors, muscle atrophy
 

·Misc.:

JING_   signs of aging, retarded growth
 

 
·SYMPTOM MODIFIER TERMS:
 

·Time progression and times of occurrence:

AAC_   acute/chronic progression of illness
ATD_   at time of day
ATM_   at portion of menstrual cycle ("time of month")
ATY_   at time of year
 

·Misc:

AAR_   what aggravates/relieves
 

·Body location/depth:

ALO_   at body location/sector
ALD_   at body location depth (bones/joints/organs, muscles/fascia, skin/superficial)
 

·Modifiers that apply to only one special category of symptoms:

DISCHbleedXX_   modifier for DISCHbleed_ only
DISCHcoughXX_   modifier for DISCHcough_ only
DISCHcoughYY_   modifier for DISCHcough_ only
DISCHsinusXX_   modifier for DISCHsinus_ only
DISCHuroXX_   modifier for DISCHuro_ only
SYSTtempXX_   modifier for SYSTtemp_ only
 

 
·MAGNITUDE/SEVERITY INDICATORS:
MAG_   symptom/sign severity (mild; moderate — default value; severe; extreme)
MOD_   modifier term intensity (mildly; moderately — default value; very; extremely)
 

 
·TONGUE SIGNS:
TONGaTISCOLOR_   tongue-tissue color
TONGaTISChue_   tongue-tissue color hue
TONGaTISCsat_   tongue-tissue color saturation
TONGaTISClight_   tongue-tissue color lightness
TONGaTISFEA_   tongue-tissue features
TONGaTISSPO_   tongue-tissue spots
TONGbCOACOLOR_   tongue-coating color
TONGbCOAFEA_   tongue-coating features
TONGcMUSTON_   tongue muscle tone
TONGdSLVEIN_   sublingual-vein appearance
 

·TONGUE MODIFIER TERMS:
BTOL_   at tongue surface location/sector
BTSC_   (referring to tongue spots) with spots' color
BTVL_   at sublingual-vein location/sector (L-upper, L-middle, L-lower; R-upper, R-middle, R-lower)
 

 
·PULSE SIGNS:
PULSaRATE_   pulse rate
PULSaRHYT_   pulse rhythm
PULSaLENG_   pulse length
PULSbDEPT_   pulse depth
PULSbDEPS_   pulse depth-spread
PULScSTRE_   pulse strength
PULScELAS_   pulse elasticity
PULScWIDT_   pulse width
PULScEDGE_   pulse edge quality
PULScPROF_   pulse profile
PULScPROFsm_   pulse profile smoothness
PULScPROFch_   pulse profile choppiness
PULScPROFab_   pulse profile abruptness of onset
PULScMIX_   pulse, mixed-category feature specifications
 

·PULSE MODIFIER TERMS:
BPUL_   at pulse position (L and R radial artery)
 

PREFIX CODES for symptom-sign-group variables and modifier terms
  — BY ALPHABETICAL ORDER

 
  (Modifier category entries appear in italics.)
 
 
AAC_   acute/chronic progression of illness
AAR_   what aggravates/relieves
ALD_   at body location depth (bones/joints/organs, muscles/fascia, skin/superficial)
ALO_   at body location/sector
ATD_   at time of day
ATM_   at portion of menstrual cycle ("time of month")
ATY_   at time of year
 
BPUL_   at pulse position (L and R radial artery)
BTOL_   at tongue surface location/sector
BTSC_   (referring to tongue spots) with spots' color
BTVL_   at sublingual-vein location/sector (L-upper, L-middle, L-lower; R-upper, R-middle, R-lower)
 
DISCHbleed_   (Discharges:) bleeding/hemorrhaging
DISCHbleedXX_   modifier for DISCHbleed_ only
DISCHcough_   (Discharges:) coughing, sputum
DISCHcoughXX_   modifier for DISCHcough_ only
DISCHcoughYY_   modifier for DISCHcough_ only
DISCHsinus_   (Discharges:) sinus discharge
DISCHsinusXX_   modifier for DISCHsinus_ only
DISCHskin_   (Discharges:) skin lesions, quality,
DISCHupperGI_   (Discharges:) upper gastrointestinal
DISCHuro_   (Discharges:) urogenital discharges
DISCHuroXX_   modifier for DISCHuro_ only
 
INTAKappe_   (Intake:) appetite
INTAKthir_   (Intake:) thirst
 
JING_   (Jing:) signs of aging, retarded growth
 
MAG_   symptom/sign severity (mild; moderate — default value; severe; extreme)
MOD_   modifier term intensity (mildly; moderately — default value; very; extremely)
MOTN_   (Neurological/CNS:) body motion characteristics, neuromuscular
 
OUTFLbm_   (Outflow:) bowels
OUTFLmense_   (Outflow:) women: menses
OUTFLurin_   (Outflow:) urination
 
PAIN_   (Neurological/CNS:) pain
PHYSbmi_   (Physical appearance:) body mass index (BMI)
PHYScomplexion_   (Physical appearance:) skin complexion
PHYSother_   (Physical appearance:) swellings, lumps, tumors, muscle atrophy
PULSaLENG_   pulse length
PULSaRATE_   pulse rate
PULSaRHYT_   pulse rhythm
PULSbDEPS_   pulse depth-spread
PULSbDEPT_   pulse depth
PULScEDGE_   pulse edge quality
PULScELAS_   pulse elasticity
PULScMIX_   pulse, mixed-category feature specifications
PULScPROF_   pulse profile
PULScPROFab_   pulse profile abruptness of onset
PULScPROFch_   pulse profile choppiness
PULScPROFsm_   pulse profile smoothness
PULScSTRE_   pulse strength
PULScWIDT_   pulse width
 
RESP_   (Intake:) respiration
 
SENS_   (Neurological/CNS:) senses
SLEEP_   (Neurological/CNS:) sleep patterns
SPCH_   (Neurological/CNS:) speech patterns
SYSTbehav_   (Systemic:) predominant behaviors, state of consciousness
SYSTimmun_   (Systemic:) general immunity
SYSTpersp_   (Systemic:) perspiration
SYSTtemp_   (Systemic:) fever, body temperature
SYSTtempXX_   modifier for SYSTtemp_ only
SYSTtherm_   aversion to heat/cold
SYSTvital_   (Systemic:) vitality levels
 
TONGaTISChue_   tongue-tissue color hue
TONGaTISClight_   tongue-tissue color lightness
TONGaTISCOLOR_   tongue-tissue color
TONGaTISCsat_   tongue-tissue color saturation
TONGaTISFEA_   tongue-tissue features
TONGaTISSPO_   tongue-tissue spots
TONGbCOACOLOR_   tongue-coating color
TONGbCOAFEA_   tongue-coating features
TONGcMUSTON_   tongue muscle tone
TONGdSLVEIN_   sublingual-vein appearance
 

 
 
   

Syndrome-name prefix codes

Syndrome names (e.g., VH_5_YingWetHeat) appearing in the output analysis files each include a prefix code that indicates the particular aspect of TCM pathophysiology theory from which it originates. All syndromes are level-5 variables, signified by the '_5_' within the prefix.

Prefix codes used in syndrome names

EPP_5_     Eight Principal Patterns (ba gang)
FP_5_     Fundamental Processes of Qi and Blood (qi xue)
PE_5_     Pernicious Evils (i.e., Heat, Cold, Wind, Damp, etc.)
ORGU_5_     Organ disharmonies, Upper Burner (shang jiao zang fu)
ORGM_5_     Organ disharmonies, Middle Burner (zhong jiao zang fu)
ORGL_5_     Organ disharmonies, Lower Burner (xia jiao zang fu)
CI_5_     Cold-induced feverish illnesses (shang han)
VH_5_     Virulent-Heat feverish illnesses (wen bing)
MISC_5_     miscellaneous syndromes
 

---[END of prefix-code tables]---